What you never knew about Cape Verde

Cape Verde was a former colony of Portugal and had their independence on the 5th of July 1975.

It is now a republic with a president, who is the head of state, and a prime minister who heads the government.

The president is Jorge Carlos Almeida Fonseca and the prime minister is Correia e Silva.

READ ALSO:  What you never knew about Burundi

The name of this Island originated from the Cap-Vert Peninsula in West Africa; where the Cap-Vert means Green Cape in Senegal.


It lies in West Africa, west of Senegal, and is a group of islands in the Atlantic Ocean.

The country comprises of 10 islands and 5 islets, all but three are mountainous.

These islands cover a combined area of slightly over 4,000 square kilometres.

It is ranked as the 176th country in the world in terms of size.

Its largest island, Santiago, is the home to the current capital, Praia.

The country’s population is estimated at 560,899 as at July 2017.


The economy is service-oriented with commerce, transport, tourism, and public services accounting for about three-fourths of GDP.

GDP is estimated at $3.6 billion; which is expected to grow on an average of 3.8%.

The Cabo Verdean Escudo is the official currency of the country.

The country’s labour force is estimated at 196,000.

Banana, beans, corn, sweet potatoes, sugar cane, coffee and peanuts are some of the agricultural produce of the country.

Portugal, Spain, France, China and Russia are the main trading partners of the country.

Human Development

Maternal mortality rate in Cape Verde stands at 42 deaths per every 100,000 live births; while infant mortality rate is 21.9 deaths per 1,000 live births.

Life expectancy for males is 71 years while that of females is 75 years.

About 87% of the population can read and write from the age of 15 years.

Cabo Verde ranks 122nd out of 187 countries in the United Nations Development Programme’s 2016 Human Development Index (HDI).


Cabo Verde’s expatriate population is greater than its domestic population due to drought which occurred in the 20th century.

Languages spoken in Cape Verde are Portuguese and Crioulo (a mixture of archaic Portuguese and African words).

Christianity is the main religion of the country.

Nine of the ten islands of the archipelago are inhabited.

Santiago, Fogo and Santo Antao are the islands that see the most rainfall while Sal, Boa Vista and Maio see almost no rainfall.

READ ALSO: What you never knew about Burkina Faso


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