What you never knew about Burundi

Burundi is an East African that gained independence from Belgium in 1962. It must however be noted that the country has some cultural and geographical ties with Central Africa.

The country’s motto is “Ubumwe, Ibikorwa, and “Iterambere” meaning “Unity, “Work” and “Progress” in Kirundi.

Pierre Nkurunziza became the first president to be chosen in democratic elections since the start of the war in 1994, but Louis Rwagasore was the first Prime Minister of the country.

READ ALSO: What you never knew about Botswana

Red, white and green are the national colours of Burundi; with the lion their national symbol. A citizen of Burundi is called a Burundian.

GEOGRAPHY

Burundi is a landlocked country of about 27,834 square kilometres. In terms of land size, the country is ranked 147th in the world.

The country is bordered by Tanzania, Rwanda, and Lake Tanganyika. The capital of Burundi is Bujumbura and has a population of about 11.18 million.

Bujumbura has a population of about 751,000 inhabitants as at 2015. Gitega is the second largest city in the country.

ECONOMY

Burundi’s GDP is estimated around 3.1 billion US Dollars. Agriculture accounts for over 40% of the country’s GDP and employs more than 90% of the population.

The primary exports of Burundi are coffee and tea. Cotton, corn, sorghum, sweet potatoes, banana, and cassava are the other notable crops grown in the country. Inflation remained steady at an average of 5.5% in 2015, compared with 4.7% in 2014. The current labour force of the country is estimated at 5.3 million.

Germany, Pakistan, DR Congo, Uganda, Sweden, Belgium and Rwanda are the main export partners of the Burundians.

Nickel, uranium, copper, platinum, niobium, gold and tin are some of the natural resources of the country. The official currency of the Burundians is the Burundi Francs.

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT

The population of Burundi is estimated to be growing at a rate of 3.26% as at 2016. Birth rate stands at 41.7 births/ 1000 population; while death rate in the country is 9 deaths/ 1000 population (2016 estimates).

Maternal Mortality rate is 712 deaths per every 100,000 live births. Life expectancy at birth for males is 58.8 years, while that of the females is 62.3 years.

TRIVIA

Burundi won gold medal in 1996 for the first time in Olympic history – becoming the poorest country ever to win an Olympic gold medal.

This medal was won by Venuste Niyongabo, a runner. The Bank of the Republic of Burundi is the central bank of the country.

REFERENCES

www.afdb.org

www.cia.gov

www.worldbank.org

www.bbc.com

READ ALSO: What you never knew about Burkina Faso

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